留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

煤炭地下气化炉选址的地质影响因素

韩磊 秦勇 王作棠

韩磊, 秦勇, 王作棠. 煤炭地下气化炉选址的地质影响因素[J]. 煤田地质与勘探, 2019, 47(2): 44-50. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2019.02.008
引用本文: 韩磊, 秦勇, 王作棠. 煤炭地下气化炉选址的地质影响因素[J]. 煤田地质与勘探, 2019, 47(2): 44-50. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2019.02.008
HAN Lei, QIN Yong, WANG Zuotang. Geological consideration for site selection of underground coal gasifier[J]. COAL GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION, 2019, 47(2): 44-50. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2019.02.008
Citation: HAN Lei, QIN Yong, WANG Zuotang. Geological consideration for site selection of underground coal gasifier[J]. COAL GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION, 2019, 47(2): 44-50. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2019.02.008

煤炭地下气化炉选址的地质影响因素

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2019.02.008
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金重点项目(41530314)

详细信息
    第一作者:

    韩磊,1994年生,男,安徽舒城县人,硕士,从事煤炭地下气化炉选址研究工作.E-mail:h954206870@163.com

    通信作者:

    秦勇,1957年生,男,重庆人,博士,教授,从事煤炭与非常规天然气地质研究工作.E-mail:yongqin@cumt.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ546

Geological consideration for site selection of underground coal gasifier

Funds: 

The Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41530314)

  • 摘要: 煤炭地下气化是对传统采煤技术的变革,气化炉选址是煤炭地下气化能否成功的先决条件。基于煤炭地下气化的研究进展和存在的问题,分析煤炭地下气化原理和气化炉选址的地质影响因素,重点分析煤级、煤层、地下水、围岩、构造等地质条件。结果表明:褐煤最适合地下气化;地下气化煤厚度应大于2 m、煤层倾角小于70°、埋深300~2 000 m适宜。同时,煤炭地下气化过程可能会对地下水造成污染,地下水涌入气化盘区也会导致气化失败;煤炭地下气化容易引起围岩破裂,造成地下水贯入气化区以及地表沉降;煤炭地下气化炉选址应避开构造复杂区域;地下气化可能会影响附近含水层微生物的活性,破坏地下生态环境系统。

     

  • [1] 谢明忠. 冀北榆树沟煤矿区褐煤地下气化地质条件分析[J]. 中国煤炭地质,2008,20(2):9-11.

    XIE Mingzhong. Analysis of underground gasification geological condition in Yushugou coal mine area,northern Hebei Province[J]. Coal Geology of China,2008,20(2):9-11.
    [2] IMRAN M,KUMAR D,KUMAR N,et al. Environmental concerns of underground coal gasification[J]. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews,2014,31:600-610.
    [3] BHUTTO A W,BAZMI A A,ZAHEDI G. Underground coal gasification:From fundamentals to applications[J]. Progress in Energy & Combustion Science,2013,39(1):189-214.
    [4] 余力. 研究与开发煤炭地下气化技术[J]. 科技导报,1995,3(2):54-56.

    YU Li. R&D of coal underground pneumatoly[J]. Science & Technology Review,1995,3(2):54-56.
    [5] 曹代勇,魏迎春,宁树正. 绿色煤炭基础地质工作框架刍议[J]. 煤田地质与勘探,2018,46(3):1-5.

    CAO Daiyong,WEI Yingchun,NING Shuzheng. The framework of basic geological works for green coal[J]. Coal Geology & Exploration,2018,46(3):1-5.
    [6] NIEĆ M,SERMET E,CHEĆKO J,et al. Evaluation of coal resources for underground gasification in Poland:Selection of possible UCG sites[J]. Fuel,2017,208:193-202.
    [7] 沈芳,梁新星,毛伟志,等. 中国煤炭地下气化的近期研究与发展[J]. 能源工程,2008,1(1):5-10.

    SHEN Fang,LIANG Xinxing,MAO Weizhi,et al. The recent study and development of UCG in China[J]. Energy Engineering,2008,1(1):5-10.
    [8] 王敦曾. 我国煤炭地下气化技术现状及发展建议[J]. 中国煤炭,2002,28(2):37-38.

    WANG Dunzeng. Underground coal gasification in China:The present status and comments for development[J]. China Coal,2002,28(2):37-38.
    [9] 陈峰,潘霞,庞旭林. 新奥无井式煤炭地下气化试验进展及产业化规划[J]. 煤炭科学技术,2013,41(5):19-22.

    CHEN Feng,PAN Xia,PANG Xulin. Progress and industrialization plan of ENN's no mine shaft type underground coal gasification[J]. Coal Science and Technology,2013,41(5):19-22.
    [10] MARIAN W,KRZYSZTOF K,KRZYSZTOF S. Analysis and characteristics of tars collected during a pilot-scale underground coal gasification(UCG) trial[J]. Fuel,2017,208:595-601.
    [11] 柳少波,洪峰,梁杰. 煤炭地下气化技术及其应用前景[J]. 天然气工业,2005,25(8):119-122.

    LIU Shaobo,HONG Feng,LIANG Jie. Technology and application prospect of underground coal gasification[J]. Natural Gas Industry,2005,25(8):119-122.
    [12] 杨兰和. 煤炭地下气化"三带"特征及影响变量的研究[J]. 南京理工大学学报(自然科学版),2001,25(5):533-537.

    YANG Lanhe. Characteristics of "Three Zones" in underground coal gasification and its study of influence variables[J]. Journal of Nanjing University of Science and Technology,2001,25(5):533-537.
    [13] STANISLAW P,GRZEGORZ C,TADEUSZ D,et al. Kinetics of steam gasification of bituminous coals in terms of their use for underground coal gasification[J]. Fuel Processing Technology,2015,130:282-291.
    [14] 余力,张维廉,梁洁. 煤炭地下气化在我国的发展前景[J]. 煤炭转化,1994,17(1):39-44.

    YU Li,ZHANG Weilian,LIANG Jie. The develepment future underground coal gasificatioan in China[J]. Coal Conversion,1994,17(1):39-44.
    [15] 刘洪涛,赵娟,王媛媛,等. 煤炭地下气化废水催化气化褐煤实验研究[J]. 煤炭转化,2015,38(2):28-31.

    LIU Hongtao,ZHAO Juan,WANG Yuanyuan,et al. Experiment study on lignite catalysed by UCG waste water[J]. Coal Conversion,2015,38(2):28-31.
    [16] 陈峰,潘霞,刘洪涛,等. O2/CO2煤炭地下气化模型试验[J]. 煤炭学报,2013,38(增刊2):495-500.

    CHEN Feng,PAN Xia,LIU Hongtao,et al. O2/CO2 underground coal gasification model test[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2013,38(S2):495-500.
    [17] 赵娟,刘洪涛,潘霞,等. 不同富氧条件下O2/CO2地下气化试验效果研究[J]. 煤炭科学技术,2017,45(6):214-220.

    ZHAO Juan,LIU Hongtao,PAN Xia,et al. Study on O2/CO2 underground coal gasification effect with different oxy-gen-enriched conditions[J]. Coal Science and Technology,2017,45(6):214-220.
    [18] 焦子阳,刘丽丽,李冬阳,等. 低温氧化破黏对煤炭地下气化热解特性的影响[J]. 洁净煤技术,2011,17(5):28-30.

    JIAO Ziyang,LIU Lili,LI Dongyang,et al. Effect of low-temperature oxidation decaking on characteristic of underground coal gasification pyrolysis[J]. Clean Coal Technology,2011,17(5):28-30.
    [19] 杨兰和,潘霞,董贵明. 焦煤地下气化模型试验研究[J]. 煤炭科学技术,2013,41(5):16-18.

    YANG Lanhe,PAN Xia,DONG Guiming. Study on model test of underground gasification of coking coal[J]. Coal Science and Technology,2013,41(5):16-18.
    [20] 刘淑琴,梁杰,常建,等. 华亭煤纯氧水蒸汽地下气化模型试验研究[J]. 东南大学学报(自然科学版),2003,33(3):355-358.

    LIU Shuqin,LIANG Jie,CHANG Jian,et al. UCG model test of Huating coal with oxygen-steam as gasification agent[J]. Journal of Southeast University(Natural Science Edition),2003,33(3):355-358.
    [21] 梁新星,梁杰. 劣质瘦煤地下气化工艺试验研究[J]. 煤炭科学技术,2014,42(增刊1):274-277.

    LIANG Xinxing,LIANG Jie. Study on inferior lean coal underground gasification[J]. Coal Science and Technology,2014,42(S1):274-277.
    [22] 杨兰和. 盲孔式煤炭地下气化模型实验[J]. 煤炭学报,2001,26(3):318-322.

    YANG Lanhe. Model experiment of underground coal gasification(UCG) with blind hole type[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2001,26(3):318-322.
    [23] 魏传玉,梁杰,孙加亮,等. 多孔煤炭地下气化炉造气条件分析[J]. 中国煤炭,2008,31(1):58-59.

    WEI Chuanyu,LIANG Jie,SUN Jialiang,et al. Underground multiple-niche coal gasifier and its gas yielding conditions:An analysis[J]. China Coal,2008,31(1):58-59.
    [24] 梁杰,张彦春,魏传玉,等. 昔阳无烟煤地下气化模型试验研究[J]. 中国矿业大学学报,2006,35(1):25-28.

    LIANG Jie,ZHANG Yanchun,WEI Chuanyu,et al. Experiment research on underground coal gasification of Xiyang anthracite[J]. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,2006,35(1):25-28.
    [25] 周松,梁杰. 和顺无烟煤地下气化模型试验研究[J]. 煤炭工程,2017,49(11):138-141.

    ZHOU Song,LIANG Jie. Experimental study on underground gasification of Heshun anthracite[J]. Coal Engineering,2017,49(11):138-141.
    [26] 王同章. 煤炭气化原理与设备[M]. 北京:机械工业出版社,1999.
    [27] 柳迎红,梁新星,梁杰,等. 影响煤炭地下气化稳定性生产因素[J]. 煤炭科学技术,2006,34(11):79-81.

    LIU Yinghong,LIANG Xinxing,LIANG Jie,et al. Factors influenced to stability of coal underground gasification[J]. Coal Science and Technology,2006,34(11):79-81.
    [28] 李文军,魏家骏,苏倩倩,等. 煤炭地下气化过程对煤层上部岩层的传热分析[J]. 能源与节能,2016(1):3-4.

    LI Wenjun,WEI Jiajun,SU Qianqian,et al. Analysis of heat transmission effect of underground coal gasification process on upper strata of coal seam[J]. Energy and Energy conservation,2016(1):3-4.
    [29] 张华磊,赵鲲鹏,王连国,等. 煤炭地下气化燃空区覆岩移动规律研究[J]. 安全与环境学报,2016,16(6):89-92.

    ZHANG Hualei,ZHAO Kunpeng,WANG Lianguo,et al. On the migrating regularity of the overlying strata in the combustible space area in the underground coal gasification[J]. Journal of Safety and Environment,2016,16(6):89-92.
    [30] 梁杰,朗庆田,余力,等. 缓倾斜薄煤层地下气化试验研究[J]. 煤炭学报,2003,28(2):127-130.

    LIANG Jie,LANG Qingtian,YU Li,et al. Study on underground gasification test of gently inclined thin seam[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2003,28(2):127-130.
    [31] 杨兰和,梁杰,余力,等. 煤炭地下气化工业性试验[J]. 中国矿业大学学报,1998,27(3):254-256.

    YANG Lanhe,LIANG Jie,YU Li,et al. Industrial experiment of underground coal gasification[J]. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,1998,27(3):254-256.
    [32] 刘淑琴,周蓉,潘佳,等. 煤炭地下气化选址决策及地下水污染防控[J]. 煤炭科学技术,2013,41(5):23-27.

    LIU Shuqin,ZHOU Rong,PAN Jia,et al. Selection and groundwater pollution prevention & control regarding underground coal gasification[J]. Coal Science and Technology,2013,41(5):23-27.
    [33] 刘淑琴,张尚军,牛茂斐,等. 煤炭地下气化技术及其应用前景[J]. 地学前缘,2016,5(3):97-102.

    LIU Shuqin,ZHANG Shangjun,NIU Maopei,et al. Technology process and application prospect of underground coal gasification[J]. Earth Science Frontiers,2016,23(3):97-102.
    [34] 徐永生. 论煤炭地下气化对煤层地质条件的适应性[J]. 天津城市建设学院学报,1995,1(4):6-11.

    XU Yongsheng. Discussion on adaptability of underground coal gasificaition to geological conditions of coal seam[J]. Journal of Tianjin Institute of Urban Construction,1995,1(4):6-11.
    [35] 辛林. 马蹄沟煤矿地下气化开采覆岩移动规律研究[D]. 徐州:中国矿业大学,2014.
    [36] 杨兰和,梁杰,余力. 煤炭地下气化新工艺的试验研究[J]. 东南大学学报,1999,29(2):124-128.

    YANG Lanhe,LIANG Jie,YU Li. Test study on the new technique of the underground coal gasification[J]. Journal of Southeast University,1999,29(2):124-128.
    [37] 杨兰和,刘裕国,江国. 倾斜煤层煤炭地下气化模型实验研究[J]. 中国矿业大学学报,2002,31(1):10-13.

    YANG Lanhe,LIU Yuguo,JIANG Guo. Model test study on underground coal gasification in inclined coal seams[J]. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,2002,31(1):10-31.
    [38] 杨兰和,梁杰. 急倾斜煤层地下气化数学模型的研究[J]. 燃料化学学报,2003,31(3):193-198.

    YANG Lanhe,LIANG Jie. Study on mathematical model of underground coal gasification in steep seam[J]. Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology,2003,31(3):193-198.
    [39] 梁杰,余力,秦志红. 急倾斜煤层无井式地下气化的试验研究[J]. 中国矿业大学学报,1997,26(1):27-29.

    LIANG Jie,YU Li,QIN Zhihong. Research on underground gasification without shaft in steep seam[J]. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,1997,26(1):27-29.
    [40] YANG D,KOUKOUZAS N,GREEN M,et al. Recent development on underground coal gasification and subsequent CO2 storage[J]. Journal of the Energy Institute,2015:S1743967115205193.
    [41] 刘淑琴,陈思,李金刚,等. 深部煤层地下气化及其应用前景[J]. 煤炭转化,2007,30(3):79-81.

    LIU Shuqin,CHEN Si,LI Jingang,et al. Deep coal seam underground coal gasification application outlook[J]. Coal Convertion,2007,30(3):79-81.
    [42] 王庆一. 国外煤炭地下气化调查[J]. 中国煤炭,2002,28(4):57-61.

    WANG Qingyi. A survey of underground coal gasification in foreign countries[J]. China Coal,2002,28(4):57-61.
    [43] KRZYSZTOF K,KRZYSZTOF S C. Pollution of water during underground coal gasification of hard coal and lignite[J]. Fuel,2011,90(5):1927-1934.
    [44] LIU Shuqin,LI Jinggang,MEI Mei,et al. Groundwater pollution from underground coal gasification[J]. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,2007,17(4):467-472.
    [45] 刘淑琴,董贵明,杨国勇,等. 煤炭地下气化酚污染迁移数值模拟[J]. 煤炭学报,2011,36(5):796-801.

    LIU Shuqin,DONG Guiming,YANG Guoyong,et al. Numerical simulation of phenol migration for underground coal gasification[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2011,36(5):796-801.
    [46] 谌伦建,徐冰,叶云娜,等. 煤炭地下气化过程中有机污染物的形成[J]. 中国矿业大学学报,2016,45(1):150-156.

    CHEN Lunjian,XU Bing,YE Yunna,et al. Formation of organic contaminants during underground coal gasification[J]. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,2016,45(1):150-156.
    [47] 叶云娜,谌伦建,邢宝林,等. 鹤壁烟煤地下气化的污染研究[J]. 应用化工,2016,45(8):1424-1427.

    YE Yunna,CHEN Lunjian,XING Baolin,et al. Research on the pollution from underground bituminous coal gasification[J]. Applied Chemical Industry,2016,45(8):1424-1427.
    [48] 刘建明. 煤炭地下气化燃空区扩展及顶板稳定性研究[D]. 徐州:中国矿业大学,2014.
    [49] 吴忠,秦本东,谌论建,等. 煤层顶板砂岩高温状态下力学特征试验研究[J]. 岩石力学与工程学报,2005,24(11):1863-1867.

    WU Zhong,QIN Bendong,CHEN Lunjian,et al. Experimental study on mechanical character of sandstone of the upper plank of coal bed under high temperature[J]. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering,2005,24(11):1863-1867.
    [50] 吴刚,滕念管,王宇. 高温后石灰岩的物理力学特性研究[J]. 岩土工程学报,2011,33(2):259-264.

    WU Gang,TENG Nianguan,WANG Yu. Physical and me-chanical characteristics of limestone after high temperature[J]. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering,2011,33(2):259-264.
    [51] 刘瑞雪,茅献彪,张连英,等. 温度对泥岩力学性能的影响[J]. 矿业研究与开发,2012,32(4):97-99.

    LIU Ruixue,MAO Xianbiao,ZHANG Lianying,et al. Influence of temperature on mechanical properties of mudstone[J]. Mining Research and Development,2012,32(4):97-99.
    [52] 陆银龙,王连国,唐芙蓉,等. 煤炭地下气化过程中温度-应力耦合作用下燃空区覆岩裂隙演化规律[J]. 煤炭学报,2012,37(8):1292-1298.

    LU Yinlong,WANG Lianguo,TANG Furong,et al. Fracture evolution of overlying strata over combustion cavity under thermal-mechanical interaction during underground coal gasification[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2012,37(8):1292-1298.
    [53] 李增学,魏久传,余继峰,等. 煤地质学[M]. 北京:地质出版社,2009:52-53.
    [54] 张苏平. 矿物-水-微生物相互作用对岩溶地下水的影响[D]. 贵阳:贵州大学,2007.
    [55] 何湘云,陈烨. 地下水中的微生物及其净化作用[J]. 微量元素与健康研究,2015,32(5):56-59.

    HE Xiangyun,CHEN Ye. Microbes and their purification effect in groundwater[J]. Studies of Trace Elements and Health,2015,32(5):56-59.
    [56] 张湄农,狄建强,王雷. 地下水生态系统中微生物生存的影响因素[J]. 地下水,2010,32(4):18-19.

    ZHANG Meinong,DI Jianqiang,WANG Lei. Factors affecting microbial life in groundwater ecosystems[J]. Ground Water,2010,32(4):18-19.
    [57] 董悦安. 温度变化对地下水中微生物影响的研究[J]. 勘察科学技术,2008(2):15-18.

    DONG Yue'an. Research of the temperature's influence on the microorganism in groundwater[J]. Site Investigation Science and Technology,2008(2):15-18.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  263
  • HTML全文浏览量:  103
  • PDF下载量:  19
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-04-20
  • 发布日期:  2019-04-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回