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废弃矿区旅游资源评价研究现状与展望

汪秋菊 王玥 马钰莹 张波

汪秋菊,王玥,马钰莹,等. 废弃矿区旅游资源评价研究现状与展望[J]. 煤田地质与勘探,2022,50(4):1−8 doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.21.10.0576
引用本文: 汪秋菊,王玥,马钰莹,等. 废弃矿区旅游资源评价研究现状与展望[J]. 煤田地质与勘探,2022,50(4):1−8 doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.21.10.0576
WANG Qiuju,WANG Yue,MA Yuying,et al. Present situation and prospects of tourism resource evaluation in abandoned mining areas[J]. Coal Geology & Exploration,2022,50(4):1−8 doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.21.10.0576
Citation: WANG Qiuju,WANG Yue,MA Yuying,et al. Present situation and prospects of tourism resource evaluation in abandoned mining areas[J]. Coal Geology & Exploration,2022,50(4):1−8 doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.21.10.0576

废弃矿区旅游资源评价研究现状与展望

doi: 10.12363/issn.1001-1986.21.10.0576
基金项目: 中国工程院重大咨询项目(2020SX5);教育部人文社会科学研究项目(21YJA790052);煤炭资源与安全开采国家重点实验室开放课题(SKLCRSM20KFA10)
详细信息
    第一作者:

    汪秋菊,1972年生,女,黑龙江伊春人,博士,教授,从事旅游经济研究. E-mail:wqiuju@126.com

    通信作者:

    张波,1972年生,男,山东鄄城人,博士,教授,研究方向为生态文明、乡村旅游. E-mail:zhangbo@buu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TD80;F592

Present situation and prospects of tourism resource evaluation in abandoned mining areas

  • 摘要: 旅游资源的识别与评价是开展废弃矿区旅游规划与开发的重要基础。采用文献综述法和归纳分析法全面梳理国内外废弃矿区旅游资源价值评价研究成果,系统分析废弃矿区旅游资源识别、评价体系构建及评价方法。研究发现,目前对于废弃矿区旅游资源的认识仅停留在矿业遗迹、矿业遗产层面,缺乏对矿区天象、气候等自然资源及人文资源的重视;旅游资源的评价仍以资源为导向,且对于反映废弃矿区资源特殊性的评价指标缺乏足够的重视。未来废弃矿区旅游资源价值评价应加强旅游资源的全面识别,增加生态可持续性、安全性和利益相关者关系等评价指标,构建以需求为导向、分步骤旅游资源价值评价体系,同时要创新评价方法,以提高评价结果的客观性和科学性。

     

  • 图  1  废弃矿区旅游资源识别体系

    Fig. 1  Identification system of tourism resources in abandoned mining areas

    图  2  废弃矿区旅游资源评价体系框架

    Fig. 2  Framework of the tourism resources evaluation system in abandoned mining areas

    图  3  废弃矿区旅游资源评价体系

    Fig. 3  Evaluation system of tourism resources in abandoned mining areas

    表  1  旅游资源评价指标的选择

    Table  1  Selection of evaluation indexes of tourism resources

    作者评价指标
    李超等[15] 科学价值、美学价值、文化价值、经济价值
    周莹[16] 美学价值、科学价值、历史文化价值、康养价值、其他价值
    韩福文等[17] 历史价值、社会文化价值、科学技术价值、艺术审美价值、市场区位价值
    周先胜[18] 旅游市场、历史文化、科学技术、旅游审美
    王明友等[19] 历史价值、社会价值、艺术价值、科技价值、区位价值、经济价值
    章晶晶等[20] 观赏价值、历史价值、科学价值、文化价值;改造潜力、区位价值、建筑质量;旅游机会、旅游条件
    李丽等[21] 休闲观赏价值、科学教育价值、可进入性、文化价值、社会价值、环境价值
    李慧[22] 历史文化价值、艺术审美价值、科学技术价值、社会价值;市场区位价值、环境价值、经济价值
    茹立东等[23] 观赏价值、文化价值、科学价值、生态价值、经济价值
    黄国华等[24] 旅游价值、旅游效益、开发条件
    张丹丹等[25] 资源要素价值、市场区位价值、环境因素
    郑丽丽等[26] 吸引力指标、生命力指标、承载力指标
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  旅游资源定量评价方法与适用范围

    Table  2  Characteristics and application scope of the quantitative evaluation method of tourism resources

    方法主要特征使用范围与优势
    模糊评价法 根据模糊数学的隶属度理论把定性评价转化为定量评价,即用模糊数学对受到多种因素制约的事物或对象作出总体评价[29] 能较好地解决评价中难以量化的问题,适合各种非确定性问题的研究
    加权平均法 以评价指标重要程度为权数,计算出各指标加权算术平均数的方法 方法简便,便于操作与横向比较。
    层次分析法 通过专家小组对各指标重要度进行衡量,在经过一致性检验后得到不同指标权重的一种方法[30] 较为常用,能够清楚地反映各指标间的层次
    因子分析法 通过研究众多变量之间的内部联系,探求观测数据中的基本结构,并用少数几个评价指标来概括整个评价体系的内容 能够分析评价指标的结构和层次
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-21
  • 修回日期:  2021-12-06
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-18

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