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煤矿巷道掘进超前钻探技术应用与发展

张幼振 范涛 阚志涛 魏宏超 陈洪岩

张幼振, 范涛, 阚志涛, 魏宏超, 陈洪岩. 煤矿巷道掘进超前钻探技术应用与发展[J]. 煤田地质与勘探, 2021, 49(5): 286-293. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.033
引用本文: 张幼振, 范涛, 阚志涛, 魏宏超, 陈洪岩. 煤矿巷道掘进超前钻探技术应用与发展[J]. 煤田地质与勘探, 2021, 49(5): 286-293. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.033
ZHANG Youzhen, FAN Tao, KAN Zhitao, WEI Hongchao, CHEN Hongyan. Application and development of advanced drilling technology for coal mine roadway heading[J]. COAL GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION, 2021, 49(5): 286-293. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.033
Citation: ZHANG Youzhen, FAN Tao, KAN Zhitao, WEI Hongchao, CHEN Hongyan. Application and development of advanced drilling technology for coal mine roadway heading[J]. COAL GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION, 2021, 49(5): 286-293. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.033

煤矿巷道掘进超前钻探技术应用与发展

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.033
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金面上项目 51774320

天地科技股份有限公司科技创新创业资金专项重点项目 2020-TD-ZD003

陕西省重点研发计划项目 2020GY-089

详细信息
    第一作者:

    张幼振,1976年生,男,宁夏石嘴山人,博士,研究员,研究方向为煤矿井下钻探机具与工艺. E-mail:zhangyouzhen@cctegxian.com

  • 中图分类号: TU41

Application and development of advanced drilling technology for coal mine roadway heading

  • 摘要: 随着煤矿巷道智能快速掘进的发展, 掘进工作面超前精细化探测需求日益迫切。结合巷道掘进与坑道钻探工作技术特点, 分析了煤矿智能绿色开采地质保障发展背景下巷道掘进超前钻探技术特征与技术需求。为有效解决探掘矛盾, 提升超前钻探技术装备水平, 阐述了掘探一体化、双臂超前钻探和基于定向钻孔的综合探测等技术装备创新实践。相关工程实践表明, 双臂钻机超前探施工效果明显, 试验巷道单月掘进进尺效率提升了30%;基于定向钻孔技术, 综合使用孔内多种物探手段, 在山西某矿2203工作面进行超前综合探测, 效果良好, 探明多处断层与陷落柱等地质构造情况。结合智能化矿山技术的发展趋势, 从自动化控制角度探讨了由基础自动化层、过程控制层和智能决策层组成的智能钻进闭环控制策略; 从钻探信息融合发展角度, 按照有数据、管数据、用数据的技术思路为钻探信息挖掘与管理提供了新的视角。

     

  • 图  1  掘探一体机钻机安装型式

    Fig. 1  Diagram of drilling rig installation of excavating and exploring machine

    图  2  分体履带式双臂液压坑道钻机

    Fig. 2  Separate crawler type dual-arm hydraulic drill rig

    图  3  掘进超前探放水钻孔布置

    Fig. 3  Borehole layout for advanced exploration and drainage in roadway

    图  4  1号定向钻孔轨迹剖面

    Fig. 4  Profile of No.1 directional drilling track

    图  5  钻孔瞬变电磁解释成果

    Fig. 5  Results of borehole transient electromagnetic interpretation

    图  6  智能钻进控制系统模块

    Fig. 6  Intelligent drilling control system

    图  7  煤矿巷道钻探地质信息协同架构

    Fig. 7  Collaborative framework for geological information of coal mine roadway drilling

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-28
  • 修回日期:  2021-07-05
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-06

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