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煤矿区碳排放的确认和低碳绿色发展途径研究

王猛 马如英 代旭光 单雅迪

王猛, 马如英, 代旭光, 单雅迪. 煤矿区碳排放的确认和低碳绿色发展途径研究[J]. 煤田地质与勘探, 2021, 49(5): 63-69. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.007
引用本文: 王猛, 马如英, 代旭光, 单雅迪. 煤矿区碳排放的确认和低碳绿色发展途径研究[J]. 煤田地质与勘探, 2021, 49(5): 63-69. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.007
WANG Meng, MA Ruying, DAI Xuguang, SHAN Yadi. Confirmation of carbon emissions in coal mining areas and research on low-carbon green development path[J]. COAL GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION, 2021, 49(5): 63-69. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.007
Citation: WANG Meng, MA Ruying, DAI Xuguang, SHAN Yadi. Confirmation of carbon emissions in coal mining areas and research on low-carbon green development path[J]. COAL GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION, 2021, 49(5): 63-69. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.007

煤矿区碳排放的确认和低碳绿色发展途径研究

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2021.05.007
基金项目: 

中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目 2020ZDPYMS09

详细信息
    第一作者:

    王猛,1982年生,男,山东邹城人,博士,教授,从事非常规天然气地质、煤田地质、CO2地质封存研究. E-mail: wangm@cumt.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P618.11

Confirmation of carbon emissions in coal mining areas and research on low-carbon green development path

  • 摘要: 开展煤矿区碳排放的系统评价和减排路径的综合分析,是落实我国碳达峰与碳中和愿景的具体行动。针对煤矿区碳排放源边界不清、核算模型缺乏及碳中和背景下发展方向等问题开展分析。通过文献查阅、资料收集等方法,厘清煤矿区碳排放源边界,并建立碳排放量核算模型,明确煤矿区低碳绿色发展方向。结果表明:煤矿区碳排放(CH4和CO2)来源可划分为自然排放和人为排放两大类,并细分为5种类型,针对不同碳排放源提出相应的数学模型;同时煤矿区要加大节能和低碳技术的投入,提高综合资源的利用程度和瓦斯的监测力度,加强绿色矿山修复和建设,积极参与碳市场和碳排放权交易及培育适应市场的管理模式等一系列措施,逐步实现低碳、绿色产业体系;此外,煤矿相关单位应高瞻远瞩,深入分析并发挥政府的低碳环保政策的作用,与相关高校加强合作,在我国碳减排目标下,大力推动煤制氢技术的发展,突破CO2-ECBM和CCUS关键技术中的运输、封存选址、安全稳定性评价、成本降低等瓶颈问题,以期在双碳背景下碳减排过程中实现经济、环保双重效益。

     

  • 图  1  煤矿区潜在碳源分类和分析

    Fig. 1  Classification and analysis of potential carbon sources in coal mining areas

    图  2  CO2地质封存与利用模式

    Fig. 2  CO2 geological sequestration and utilization model

    图  3  我国氢能需求[10]

    Fig. 3  Chinese hydrogen energy demand[10]

    图  4  我国制氢技术和比重与煤的二次利用[10, 21]

    Fig. 4  Proportions of hydrogen production technologies and secondary utilization of coal in China[10, 21]

    图  5  煤矿区减排方案

    Fig. 5  Scheme of emission reduction in coal mining areas

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-08
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-09
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-25

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