留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

无人机遥感技术在采煤地面塌陷监测中的应用

侯恩科 首召贵 徐友宁 杨帆 何芳 谢晓深 高冠杰

侯恩科, 首召贵, 徐友宁, 杨帆, 何芳, 谢晓深, 高冠杰. 无人机遥感技术在采煤地面塌陷监测中的应用[J]. 煤田地质与勘探, 2017, 45(6): 102-110. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2017.06.017
引用本文: 侯恩科, 首召贵, 徐友宁, 杨帆, 何芳, 谢晓深, 高冠杰. 无人机遥感技术在采煤地面塌陷监测中的应用[J]. 煤田地质与勘探, 2017, 45(6): 102-110. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2017.06.017
HOU Enke, SHOU Zhaogui, XU Youning, YANG Fan, HE Fang, XIE Xiaoshen, GAO Guanjie. Application of UAV remote sensing technology in monitoring of coal mining-induced subsidence[J]. COAL GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION, 2017, 45(6): 102-110. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2017.06.017
Citation: HOU Enke, SHOU Zhaogui, XU Youning, YANG Fan, HE Fang, XIE Xiaoshen, GAO Guanjie. Application of UAV remote sensing technology in monitoring of coal mining-induced subsidence[J]. COAL GEOLOGY & EXPLORATION, 2017, 45(6): 102-110. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2017.06.017

无人机遥感技术在采煤地面塌陷监测中的应用

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1986.2017.06.017
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(41472234);中国地质调查局项目(121201011000150022)

详细信息
    第一作者:

    侯恩科(1963-),男,陕西扶风人,教授,博士生导师,从事煤炭地质和地质灾害防治方面的教学与科研工作.E-mail:553386985@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P694

Application of UAV remote sensing technology in monitoring of coal mining-induced subsidence

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China (41472234)

  • 摘要: 为研究无人机遥感技术在采煤地面塌陷监测中的应用,以宁东煤炭基地金凤煤矿011805综采工作面为例,探讨了利用无人机遥感技术进行地表裂缝解译、地面沉降量计算和地面塌陷规律研究的方法。结果表明:无人机飞行航高可根据需要识别的地表裂缝宽度确定,地形平坦地区识别2 cm地表裂缝的飞行航高一般应不超过143 m;地表裂缝宜于采用基于光谱、延长度和紧密度规则的面向对象的信息提取方法进行自动识别,在采用这种方法发现地表塌陷裂缝时宜采用基于边缘检测的图像分割模型和基于Full Lambda Schedule的图像融合模型;对无人机遥感地表高程值进行拟合校正可近似获得采煤工作面地表下沉量和下沉系数,说明无人机遥感技术可应用于采煤地面沉降量监测;综采工作面内地表裂缝数量多,总体垂直回采方向排列,切眼和顺槽附近地表裂缝数量少,总体平行顺槽和切眼展布。

     

  • [1] 刘辉,何春桂,邓喀中,等. 开采引起地表塌陷型裂缝的形成机理分析[J]. 采矿与安全工程学报,2013,30(3):380-384.

    LIU Hui,HE Chungui,DENG Kazhong,et al. Analysis of forming mechanism of collapsing ground fissure caused by mining[J]. Journal of Mining & Safety Engineering,2013,30(3):380-384.
    [2] 胡振琪,王新静,贺安民. 风积沙区采煤沉陷地裂缝分布特征与发生发育规律[J]. 煤炭学报,2014,39(1):11-18.

    HU Zhenqi,WANG Xinjing,HE Anmin. Distribution characteristic and development rules of ground fissures due to coal mining in windy and sandy region[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2014,39(1):11-18.
    [3] 贺卫中,向茂西,刘海南,等. 榆神府矿区地面塌陷特征及环境问题[J]. 煤田地质与勘探,2016,44(5):131-135.

    HE Weizhong,XIANG Maoxi,LIU Hainan,et al. Ground subsidence and its environment problems in Yushenfu mining area[J]. Coal Geology & Exploration,2016,44(5):131-135.
    [4] 周长松,邹胜章,夏日元,等. 太原盆地地裂缝发育规律及防控措施[J]. 煤田地质与勘探,2016,44(2):73-78.

    ZHOU Changsong,ZOU Shengzhang,XIA Riyuan,et al. Development regularity and control measures of ground fissures in Taiyan basin[J]. Coal Geology & Exploration,2016,44(2):73-78.
    [5] 彭捷,李永红,刘海南,等. 榆神矿区大砭窑煤矿地面塌陷与地裂缝发育规律[J]. 中国煤炭,2015(10):37-41.

    PENG Jie,LI Yonghong,LIU Hainan,et al. Development law of surface collapse and ground fractures in Dabianyao coal mine in Yulin-Shenmu mining area[J]. China Coal,2015(10):37-41.
    [6] 于大鹏,覃秋雅,马秉智,等. 矿山采空区地面塌陷危险性预测[J]. 工矿自动化,2010(3):78-81.

    YU Dapeng,QIN Qiuya,MA Bingzhi,et al. Risk prediction of ground subsidence in Mined-out Area[J]. Industry and Mine Automation,2010(3):78-81.
    [7] 王利民,刘佳,杨玲波,等. 基于无人机影像的农情遥感监测应用[J]. 农业工程学报,2013,29(18):136-145.

    WANG Limin,LIU Jia,YANG Lingbo,et al. Applications of unmanned aerial vehicle images on agricultural remote sensing monitoring[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2013,29(18):136-145.
    [8] 盛业华,闫志刚,宋金铃. 矿山地表塌陷区的数字近景摄影测量监测技术[J]. 中国矿业大学学报,2003,32(4):73-77.

    SHENG Yehua, YAN Zhigang, SONG Jinling. Digital photogrammetry technology area measurement[J]. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,2003,32(4):73-77.
    [9] 杨化超,邓喀中,张书毕,等. 数字近景摄影测量技术在矿山地表沉陷监测中的应用研究[J]. 中国图象图形学报,2008, 13(3):519-524.

    YANG Huachao,DENG Kazhong,ZHANG Shubi,et al. Research on subsidence monitoring of mine surface using digital close-range photogrammetric technique[J]. Journal of Image and Graphics in the Chinese Mine Surface,2008,13(3):519-524.
    [10] 周文生,吴振宇,刘海燕. 无人机遥感在矿山地质环境调查中的应用[J]. 地下水,2014,36(2):128-129.

    ZHOU Wensheng,WU Zhenyu,LIU Haiyan. Application of UAV remote sensing in the investigation of mine geological environment[J]. Groundwater,2014,36(2):128-129.
    [11] 魏长婧,汪云甲,王坚,等. 无人机影像提取矿区地裂缝信息技术研究[J]. 金属矿山,2012,41(10):90-92.

    WEI Changjing,WANG Yunjia,WANG Jian,et al. Research on the information technology of mining area in the mining area of UAV image extraction[J]. Metal Mine,2012,41(10):90-92.
    [12] 赵星涛,胡奎,卢晓攀,等. 无人机低空航摄的矿山地质灾害精细探测方法[J]. 测绘科学,2014,39(6):49-52.

    ZHAO Xingtao,HU Kui,LU Xiaopan,et al. The fine detection method of mine geological hazards in low altitude aerial photography[J]. Science of Surveying and Mapping,2014,39(6):49-52.
    [13] 张启元. 无人机航测技术在青藏高原地质灾害调查中的应用[J]. 青海大学学报(自然科学版),2015,33(2):67-72.

    ZHANG Qiyuan. The UAV aerial technology in Qinghai Tibet Plateau geological disaster investigation application[J]. Journal of Qinghai University(Natural Science Edition),2015,33(2):67-72.
    [14] 李冰,刘源,刘素红,等镕. 基于低空无人机遥感的冬小麦覆盖度变化监测[J]. 农业工程学报,2012,28(13):160-165.

    LI Bing,LIU Rongyuan,LIU Suhong,et al. Monitoring vegetation coverage variation of winter wheat by low-altitude UAV remote sensing system[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2012,28(13):160-165.
    [15] 毕凯,李英成,丁晓波,等. 轻小型无人机航摄技术现状及发展趋势[J]. 测绘通报,2015(3):27-31.

    BI Kai,LI Yingcheng,DING Xiaobo,et al. Aerial photogrammetric technology of light small UAV:Status and trend of development[J]. Bulletin of Surveying and Mapping,2015(3):27-31.
    [16] 王东亮,万幼川,徐景中,等. 基于DEM的机载LiDAR航线设计[J]. 测绘科学,2011(1):116-118.

    WANG Dongliang,WAN Youchuan,XU Jingzhong,et al. A DEM-based approach for flight course design of onboard LiDAR[J]. Science of Surveying and Mapping,2011(1):116-118.
    [17] 范立民,张晓团,向茂西,等. 浅埋煤层高强度开采区地裂缝发育特征-以陕西榆神府矿区为例[J]. 煤炭学报,2015, 40(6):1442-1447.

    FAN Limin,ZHANG Xiaotuan,XIANG Maoxi,et al. Characteristics of ground fissure development in high intensity mining area of shallow seam in Yushenfu coal field[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2015,40(6):1442-1447.
    [18] 汪小钦,王苗苗,王绍强,等. 基于可见光波段无人机遥感的植被信息提取[J]. 农业工程学报,2015,31(5):152-159.

    WANG Xiaoqin,WANG Miaomiao,WANG Shaoqiang,et al. Extraction of vegetation information from visible unmanned aerial vehicle images[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2015,31(5):152-159.
    [19] 李军. 采煤区地质灾害信息快速提取技术[J]. 中国地质灾害与防治学报,2015,26(2):132-136.

    LI Jun. Fast extraction of information about geological hazards in coal mining areas[J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control,2015,26(2):132-136.
    [20] MARAGOS P,SOFOU A,STAMOU G B,et al. Image analysis of soil micromorphology:feature extraction,segmentation,and quality inference[J]. Eurasip Journal on Applied Signal Processing,2004,6:902-912.
    [21] 余学义,张恩强. 开采损害学[M]. 北京:煤炭工业出版社, 2004.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  57
  • HTML全文浏览量:  1
  • PDF下载量:  2
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-03-16
  • 刊出日期:  2017-12-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回